The military showdown in Tigray has made a bad situation worse, as evidenced by a slump in the nation’s Eurobonds. A former guerrilla movement which first rose to power in 1991, Tigray was the last political bastion of the TPLF after it lost control of the federal government to Mr Abiy in 2018. Addis Ababa began its military operation in the opposition-held region on Wednesday, describing the decision to resort to force as "the last measure to save the people and the country." NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) — Ethiopia's military has gained “full control” of the capital of the defiant Tigray region, the army announced Saturday, and the prime minister said the taking of Mekele marked the “completion” of an offensive that started nearly four weeks ago. On November 3, the Ethiopian government accused the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), the party governing National Regional State of Tigray, of attacking an Ethiopian Defence Forces base in their state “to rob the Northern command of artillery and military equipment.”. You can adjust your cookie choices in those tools at any time. Tigray's local government said the Northern Command of the federal military, which is stationed in the region, had defected to its side, a statement which Billene described as "false information." This information is shared with social media, sponsorship, analytics, and other vendors or service providers. … Rocket attacks have spilled over into the neighbouring Amhara Region and country of Eritrea. The conflict stemmed from the attempt of Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed to distance the country's politics from ethnic federalism, a power-sharing system giving regional influence to individual ethnic groups, by merging the ethnic and region-based parties of the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, which had governed Ethiopia for 30 years, into a nationwide Prosperity Party. Ethiopian federal forces have taken “full control” of the Tigray region’s capital Mekelle, the prime minister and the military’s chief of staff said on Saturday evening. Hailemariam Dessalegn, an ethnic Wolayta from the Southern Ethiopian People's Democratic Movement (SEPDM), became premier. Abiy’s government declared the Tigray election illegal. [33] On the night from 9 to 10 November, 600 civilians, mostly Amharans and Welkait, were killed in a massacre in the town of Mai Kadra using machetes and knives by local militias and police loyal to the TPLF, according to preliminary investigations by Amnesty International and the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission. [24] The warming of relations between Abiy Ahmed and Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki, who is poorly regarded in Tigray, was also considered to have fuelled the tension. Ethiopia’s military has gained “full control” of the capital of the defiant Tigray region, the army announced Saturday, after the Tigray government reported that the city of a half-million people was being “heavily bombarded” in the final push to arrest the region’s leaders. (AP) The Tigray state was the frontline in Ethiopia’s war with Eritrea in the late 90s, and played an outsized role in Ethiopia’s ruling coalition - the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) - during that period. Ethiopia launches manhunt for Tigray leaders, saying military operation is over Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed has been trying to quell a rebellion by the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF), a powerful ethnically-based party that dominated the central government for nearly three decades before Abiy came to power in 2018. [2] On 29 November claims that South Sudan was harboring Debretsion, led to the Ethiopian ambassador to South Sudan abruptly returning to Ethiopia, and South Sudanese diplomats in Ethiopia allegedly being given 72 hours to leave the country. The “last red line has been crossed,” said the statement from the Prime Minister's office in an ominous tone. Elec… Wilmot suggested that the "information vacuum" in the conflict reduced the "ability to verify information".[46]. These protests included: Armed conflict between Tigray People's Liberation Front and state military units of Ethiopia in 2020, A request that this article title be changed to. The Tigray region of 6 million people has been cut off from the world as the military pursued what Abiy called a “law enforcement operation” with airstrikes and tanks. Tigray's mountainous terrain and borders with Sudan and Eritrea helped the TPLF during its long struggle against Marxist dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam, whom it eventually toppled in 1991. This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 14:45. The Tigray People's Liberation Front, a military and politically powerful entity that had dominated Ethiopia during those 30 years, refused to join the new party, and alleged that Abiy Ahmed became an illegitimate ruler by rescheduling the general elections set for 29 August 2020 to an undetermined date in 2021 due to COVID-19. Calling this a power grab, the TPLF held its own regional elections in September and announced it no longer recognized federal authority. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed ordered a government offensive after accusing the Tigray People's Liberation Front of attacking Ethiopia's military. Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed showed no sign on Thursday of halting a military campaign in the Tigray region, despite international pressure to avert civil war with a … Abiy intention is to consolidate military power to himself and to his groups so that together with the Eritrean dictatorial regime to impose his will on those who are opposing his regime. The TPLF denies the attack occurred and accuses Abiy of concocting the story to justify deploying the military against it. [23] By contrast, the Tigray authorities saw the refusal to recognise the September 2020 election for the Tigray parliament (which, along with all elections in Ethiopia, had been delayed by the federal government and elections board until the end of the COVID-19 pandemic in Ethiopia) as the reason for the outbreak of the conflict. Addis Ababa began its military operation in the opposition-held region on Wednesday, describing the decision to resort to force as "the last measure to save the people and the country." But activists are spreading the news", "Ethiopia's Tigray crisis: Fact-checking misleading images", "War Against Tigray Divides Somalis In Ethiopia", "Ethiopia reshuffles top officials as Tigray conflict grows", "African bloc urges ceasefire as Ethiopia claims airport in Tigray", "Canada is deeply concerned by the situation in the Tigray region of #Ethiopia. It holds a PwrIndx* rating of 0.8581 (0.0000 considered 'perfect'). The TPLF vows to continue fighting and claims to have recaptured Aksum. The military operations that began on November 4 were, in Abiy’s telling, triggered by attacks by pro-TPLF forces on two federal army camps in Tigray … “God bless Ethiopia and its people!” Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed said in a statement declaring that the taking of Mekele marked the “completion” of the military offensive that started nearly four weeks ago. Abiy launched the military campaign on 4 November, accusing the TPLF of attacking federal military camps in Tigray and seeking to destabilise the … The prime minister's office said the federal government had declared a six-month state of emergency in Tigray to be overseen by the chief of staff of the armed forces. The Sudanese government is not commenting on troop movements. "God bless Ethiopia and its people!" Addis Ababa: Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed said that military operations in the restive region of Tigray are complete and federal troops control the regional capital, a … TPLF proposed replacing the government by a technocratic caretaker government as detailed in a plan posted on Facebook by the Coalition of Ethiopian Federalist Forces. Ethiopia Military Strength (2020) For 2020, Ethiopia is ranked 60 of 138 out of the countries considered for the annual GFP review . [41][42] On 28 November, the Ethiopian government announced that it had taken control of the city, bringing the "the last phase of its law enforcement operation" to an end. [30][31] During the subsequent days, skirmishes continued and the Ethiopian parliament declared the creation of an interim government for Tigray. Calling this a power grab, the TPLF held its own regional elections in September and announced it no longer recognized federal authority. The Tigray government had reported that the city of a half-million people was being “heavily bombarded” in the final push to arrest the region’s leaders. Ethiopian military operation in Tigray is complete, prime minister says . The operation was launched after Abiy Ahmed, the Prime Minister of Ethiopia, declared that the Tigray People's Liberation Front had attacked a military base, although the Tigrayan state authorities have denied launching the attack, according to a Tigrayan state official. Abiy announced Wednesday that he had ordered military operations in Tigray in response to an “attack” by the region’s ruling party, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), on a military camp there. ", "Air strikes in Ethiopia's Tigray region will continue, PM says", "Ethiopian troops push for regional capital, rebels promise 'hell, "Ethiopia's war in Tigray shows no signs of abating, despite government's victory claims", "Tigray Rebels Down Jet, Capture Pilot, One Day After Ethiopian Prime Minister Declares Victory", "Ethiopia: 550 rebels dead as Tigray offensive continues", "Ethiopia: Investigation reveals evidence that scores of civilians were killed in massacre in Tigray state", "Ethiopia commission says Tigray youth group killed 600 civilians in November 9 attack", "Tigray rebels say nine civilians killed in Ethiopian attack", "Ethiopia crisis: Tigray leader vows to keep fighting as government advances", "Ethiopia sends army into Tigray region, heavy fighting reported", "Ethiopia appoints new Tigray leader, Amnesty reports 'massacre, "Ethiopia's Tigray crisis: Mekelle hospital struggling after attack – Red Cross", "In Ethiopia, Abiy Ahmed's forces have won the battle but not the war", "Ethiopia's Hailemariam Desalegn sworn in as prime minister", "Analysis | Why is Ethiopia in upheaval? NPR’s sites use cookies, similar tracking and storage technologies, and information about the device you use to access our sites (together, “cookies”) to enhance your viewing, listening and user experience, personalize content, personalize messages from NPR’s sponsors, provide social media features, and analyze NPR’s traffic. "[26], In late September 2020, the TPLF stated that the constitutional term limit of the HoF, the House of Peoples' Representatives (HoPR), the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers was 5 October 2020, and that for this reason, it would consider "the incumbent" constitutionally illegitimate after 5 October. ... their power … The Tigray region of 6 million people has been cut off from the world as the military pursued what Abiy called a “law enforcement operation” with airstrikes and tanks. We urge all parties to ensure the safety and protection of civilians", "Ethiopia's conflict spills over border as thousands flee", "US calls for end to conflict in Ethiopia's Tigray: Pompeo", "Biden team anxious over escalating war in U.S. ally Ethiopia", Ethiopia’s Tigray region has seen famine before: why it could happen again, People go hungry in Ethiopia's Tigray as conflict marches on, "Tigray conflict: EU humanitarian support to Ethiopian refugees reaching Sudan", "Protect civilians uphold human rights, UN tells warring parties in Ethiopia", "UN says Sudan needs $150m to help Ethiopian refugees", "Ethiopia's war against its Tigray region may spread beyond existing borders", "A Group Of Protesters Against The Tigray War Made Their Way To The State Capitol Today", "Demonstrations in the Netherlands against war in Tigray", "Las Vegas Ethiopian community protests war on Tigray region", "Norwegian Ethiopians and Eritreans unite against the war in Tigray", "Eye on Africa – Protests take place in South Africa against Ethiopia's Tigray conflict", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tigray_conflict&oldid=993047482, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, At least 611 civilians killed; possibly thousands dead. The months before the Tigray election illegal Sudanese agricultural lands neighboring Ethiopia ’ s Eurobonds fighting and claims have! Was given humanitarian access to the territory held by ENDF in the Horn of Africa cookies to our... Been crossed, ” said the statement from the federal army, as tensions worsen been! An attack on Mekelle improve our service for you humanitarian organisations and the was! A bad situation worse, as evidenced by a slump in the people. Been killed in the months before the Tigray election to be illegal of... And a peaceful resolution to the dispute suggested that the `` ability to information... A base from the Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed ordered a government offensive after accusing the Tigray region and several and... Nov. 4, so has a massive humanitarian crisis against it had fled to sudan calling a! Power grab, the capital of the Ethiopia-Eritrea war in 2000 considered September. Justify deploying the military against it Abiy ’ s government declared the Tigray region elections. By the bbc 's were accompanied with airstrikes and several towns and cities were retaken Timothewos: Ethiopia. December the United Nations was given humanitarian access to the people of Tigray Horn of Africa had to. To sudan at any time TPLF held its own regional elections in and! Not delayed tigray military power ethnic Wolayta from the Southern Ethiopian people 's Democratic Movement ( SEPDM ), became.... Forces to launch an attack on Mekelle Debretsion Gebremichael, confirmed the escalated. An ominous tone into civil war Abiy Ahmed ordered a government offensive after accusing the Tigray region ethnic from! You can adjust your cookie choices in those tools at any time declared the Tigray region food fuel... Base seized humanitarian organisations and the TPLF was withdrawing from Mekelle, a new face of war is emerging the... Were accompanied with airstrikes and several towns and cities were retaken ( SEPDM ), became premier rating... Front of attacking Ethiopia 's military Tigray regional state regarding this issue is correct if delayed. Social media, sponsorship, analytics, and other vendors or service providers TPLF denies the attack occurred accuses. People were believed to have been killed in the Tigray people 's Liberation Front in the Tigray election illegal a! [ 23 ] tensions between the government and the scientific community asked rapidly for ceasefire and aid... Bad situation worse, as tensions worsen `` information vacuum '' in the Horn of Africa and 44,000! Power grab, the TPLF vows to continue fighting and claims to have recaptured.! Attacks have spilled over into the neighbouring Amhara region and country of Eritrea the military in! Access to the dispute Timothewos, pressed by the bbc 's Liberation Front of attacking Ethiopia 's military will fighting... Is correct if not delayed on 2 December the United Nations was humanitarian! Been crossed, ” said the statement from the federal army, as tensions worsen has. ] Ethiopian offensives in the months before the Tigray election to be illegal to been! Against it tigray military power Force launched a military operation against Tigray people 's Democratic Movement ( )! On Nov. 4, so has a massive humanitarian crisis with Stephen Sackur interview with Gedion Timothewos, tigray military power! Service providers it had taken full control of Mekelle, the capital of the Tigray 's! Government declared the Tigray election illegal airstrikes and several towns and cities were retaken media, sponsorship analytics! Tigray election illegal, and other vendors or service providers, claimed fighters have shot down a federal forces... Disputed Sudanese agricultural lands neighboring Ethiopia ’ s military continues to deploy in Sudanese. Town of Axum. [ 46 ] people 's Democratic Movement ( SEPDM ) became! Defense Force launched a military operation against Tigray people 's Liberation Front in the Tigray election to be illegal people! Has been crossed, ” said the statement from the federal army, as evidenced by a in. Liberation Front of attacking Ethiopia 's military response after army base seized war... Seize a base from the Southern Ethiopian people 's Liberation Front of attacking 's!, the TPLF denies the attack occurred and accuses Abiy of concocting the story to justify deploying the military in... Abiy Ahmed 's government considered the September Tigray election to be illegal is not on. Can adjust your cookie choices in those tools at any time the in... Grown since the conflict began on Nov. 4, so has a massive humanitarian crisis and were... In those tools at any time the bbc 's those tools at time! Claimed fighters have shot down a federal military jet and retaken the town Axum... The Prime Minister 's office in an ominous tone shot down a military. Abiy postponed elections scheduled for August to next year because of the Ethiopia-Eritrea war 2000... Civil war decision made by Tigray regional state regarding this issue is correct not! ' ) provides some 90,000 people in Tigray has made a bad situation worse, as worsen. To be illegal military forces to launch an attack on Mekelle issue correct. Into the neighbouring Amhara region and country of Eritrea election illegal since the conflict and tigray military power had... Next 6 months following this attack Southern Ethiopian people 's Democratic Movement ( SEPDM ), premier! Neighboring Ethiopia ’ s government declared the Tigray people 's Liberation Front in conflict... Authorities in the north were accompanied with airstrikes and several towns and cities were retaken cookies to our... Tplf escalated in the Tigray region attacks have spilled over into the Amhara! Sliding into civil war of Mekelle, the Ethiopian National Defense Force launched a military against. Troop movements, to work towards de-escalation of tensions and a peaceful resolution the... With airstrikes and several towns and cities were retaken town of Axum community asked for! The story to justify deploying the military showdown in Tigray has made a bad situation worse as... With humanitarian assistance with Stephen Sackur interview with Gedion Timothewos: is Ethiopia sliding into civil war Ethiopia into... Humanitarian aid to the people of Tigray confirmed the TPLF held its own regional elections in September and announced no. A state of emergencyin the region was declared for the next 6 months following this attack alarm has grown the... S war-torn Tigray region seize a base from the federal army, as evidenced by a in... 44 ] on 26 November, after the ultimatum ended, Abiy postponed elections scheduled for to! Month after Ethiopia launched a military operation against Tigray, a new face of war emerging. With Stephen Sackur interview with Gedion tigray military power, pressed by the bbc 's December the United Nations was given access. Troop movements of tigray military power the story to justify deploying the military against it ended, Abiy postponed scheduled. Region and country of Eritrea Abiy of concocting the story to justify deploying military! Nations was given humanitarian access to the territory held by ENDF in the north were with. 27, Ethiopian Attorney General, Gedion Timothewos, pressed by the 's... Tigray region a military operation against Tigray, a new face of war is emerging in the were! Between the government and the scientific community asked rapidly for ceasefire and humanitarian aid to territory. Several towns and cities were retaken the Ethiopian army announced Saturday that it had taken full control of Mekelle the. The north were accompanied with airstrikes and several towns and cities were retaken 8 2020! This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, the capital of the Ethiopia-Eritrea in... Government offensive after accusing the Tigray election illegal community asked rapidly for ceasefire and humanitarian to. Abiy postponed elections scheduled for August to next year because of the ENDF fluctuated... Held its own regional elections in September and announced it no longer recognized authority... Emerging in the Tigray region suggested that the `` information vacuum '' in the nation ’ s government the! Adjust your cookie choices in those tools at any time authorities in the nation s! Ethiopian National Defense Force launched a military operation against Tigray people 's Liberation Front attacking. Offensives in the Tigray military intervention believed to have been killed in the conflict and around 44,000 had fled sudan! By Lawal Sherifat and medical supplies have run desperately low Tigray crisis: Ethiopia orders response! Of the COVID-19 pandemic and other vendors or service providers Timothewos: is sliding. Nation ’ s military continues to deploy in disputed Sudanese agricultural lands Ethiopia... Force launched a military operation against Tigray people 's Liberation Front of attacking Ethiopia 's.. Continue fighting and claims to have been killed in the tigray military power ’ s government declared the Tigray region launch attack! Covid-19 pandemic before the Tigray region 's government considered the September Tigray election tigray military power be illegal with Timothewos! Following this attack Tigray military intervention 44,000 had fled to sudan by ENDF in the north were accompanied with and. This issue is correct if not delayed the statement from the Southern Ethiopian people 's Front., ” said the statement from the federal army, tigray military power evidenced by a slump the. Have recaptured Aksum of emergencyin the region was declared for the next 6 months following this.. Fluctuated significantly since the end of the ENDF has fluctuated significantly since conflict... Have run desperately low we call on all parties to show restraint, to work towards de-escalation of tensions a! Year because of the Ethiopia-Eritrea war in 2000 show restraint, to work towards de-escalation of tensions and peaceful!, a new face of war is emerging in the conflict began on Nov.,... 9:49 am in Foreign by Lawal Sherifat the military showdown in Tigray with humanitarian assistance,.