Also called Spanish oak as some say its long, narrow, pointed leaves resemble a Spanish dagger. Leaf: Alternate, simple, 5 to 9 inches long and roughly obovate in outline with bristle tipped lobes. At left is a typical shade leaf. A large tree with a spreading crown, reaching 70 to 80 feet tall and wide. elongated acorn in pairs on singly; 0.25" to 0.5" long Quercus velutina. Two forms are common: 3 lobes with shallow sinuses (common on younger trees) or 5 to 7 lobes with deeper sinuses. Lobatae). Very rare oak tree, Quercus velutina 'Oakridge Walker' has exciting large, deeply cut, bright green leaves and was first selected in Sangamon County, Illinois. Quercus velutina is a perennial woody deciduous member of the Quercus genus in the family Fagaceae. Ultimate size is slightly smaller than Red Oak in the Chicago region. Quercus velutina common name is the Eastern Black Oak but mainly known as simply Black Oak.It is an oak in the red oak (Quercus sect. Black Oak (Quercus velutina) Leaves of seedlings in shade often dramatically wider towards the tip, relatively flat-across at the tip, and narrow at the base. The fall color is scarlet, showy and occurs late. From The Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation at Virginia Tech. 1785. Bark. Fruit shot-stalked, acorn ovoid, 1.5-2 cm long, enclosed about half by a turban-like cup having light brown downy scales. The tree’s scientific name, velutina, is a reference to the velvety texture of fine hairs that are on the tree’s leaf undersides, on the winter buds, and on the leaf stalks (petioles). It is a close relative of the western black oak (Quercus kelloggii) found in western North America. The leaves are covered with fine hairs and the inner bark is yellowish-orange. Quercus velutina Lamarck in J. Lamarck et al., Encycl. The leaf blades also show tufts of pubescence in … Quercus velutina (black oak) is a slow growing, medium sized, upright deciduous tree with a broad irregular canopy of shiny green foliage with sharply pointed lobes. The bicolored, mature leaves contrast nicely with unique black, furrowed bark. Quercus velutina on CalPhotos. monoecious; male flowers are pendulous yellow-green catkins; blooms in May; messy; Fruit. The leaves of Quercus velutina are simple and alternate with sharp-pointed lobes and they can be similar in general appearance to Q. ellipsoidalis. They are also more susceptible to heartrot than some of the other oaks. Leaf: Alternate, simple, 4 to 10 inches long, obovate or ovate in shape with five (mostly) to seven bristle-tipped lobes; leaf shape is variable, with sun leaves having deep sinuses and shade leaves having very shallow sinuses, lustrous shiny green above, … Bud. missouriensis Sarg. Green male and female inflorescences bloom in late spring yielding small, sometimes striped, nuts with bowl shaped caps. It is native to eastern North America mainly in USA. Leaf. Black Oak (Quercus velutina) A common, widespread, and often misidentified overstory tree. Quercus velutina, the eastern black oak or more commonly known as simply black oak, is an oak in the red oak (Quercus sect. Fall color can be red but usually is a tan-brown. white oak Fagaceae Quercus alba black oak Fagaceae Quercus velutina white pine Pinaceae Pinus strobus Trees that have a variety name in paranthesis (var. The deeply cut lobes are bristle-tipped with c-shaped deep sinuses and 7 pointed lobes. Black oaks typically are not as long lived as other oaks in the red oak group. Black Oak (Quercus velutina) Black Oak. ... • Leaf type - Evergreen or deciduous Pyramidal in youth but spreads to a broad open crown with age. When the insect pupates and leaves, the gall can be used as a rich source of tannin, that can also be used as a dyestuff. Quercus palustris × Quercus velutina → Quercus ×‌vaga Palmer & Steyermark is a very rare oak hybrid known from MA. Trees , deciduous, to 25 m. Bark dark brown to black, deeply furrowed, ridges often broken into irregular blocks, inner bark yellow or orange. Often resembles a turkey foot with one very long hooked terminal lobe with two shorter lobes on the sides. … Quercus velutina at the University of Connecticut Plant Database. The scaly fringed aspect of the cup around the acorn and the large, hairy, angled winter buds are also diagnostic. crimson) are not truely native plants . Typically grows at a moderately fast rate to a height of 40-60' (to 100' in the wild). Quercus velutina was previously known as yellow oak due to the yellow pigment in its inner bark, however nowadays this name is usually reserved for Chinkapin oak. The leaves are very similar to Red Oak. Classification. alternate leaf arrangement; simple, deciduous leaves ; leaves are 4" to 10" long; pointed lobes; 7 to 9 lobes per leaf; shiny, dark green leaves ; Autumn Foliage. The black oak, Quercus velutina, is also known as yellow oak, yellowbark oak, and smoothbark oak.It is a common and easily identified tree in the red oak group of oaks. One of the fastest growing oaks on poor sites. Its large, leathery leaves have deep margins and 7-9 pointed lobes. Black oak Quercus tinctoria W. Bartram. It tends to show the bark and growth habit of Q. palustris along with the involucral bracts of Q. velutina. In early spring, velvety red leaves emerge from the velvety winter buds. Simple, alternate; 10-23cm (4-9”) in length, 7.5-15cm (3-6”) in width; Elliptical shape with 7-9 shallow or deep (often narrow) lobes; Feather-lobed with bristle tips; Somewhat thickened, shiny-green above, yellow-green but mostly hairless below; Click here for image of leaf underside; Top It is a common tree in the Indiana Dunes and other sandy dual ecosystems along the southern shores of Lake Michigan. Quercus velutina, the eastern black oak or more commonly known as simply black oak, is a species of oak in the red oak (Quercus sect. Black oak tree (Quercus velutina) leaves share the characteristic pointed lobes with red oak leaves, but they are notably thicker and glossier. Quercus shumardii, commonly called Shumard oak, is a medium sized, deciduous tree of the red oak group. Quercus velutina at the Vanderbilt University Bioimages web site. In autumn the leaves turn good shades of bronze-red in autumn before falling. Quercus velutina at the USDA Forest Service's Silvics of North America site. Leaves are simple and alternate, the blades highly variable, often nearly as wide as long (oval in outline), 3½ to 6½ inches long and 3 to 6¼ inches wide, typically with 5 (or 7) primary lobes. From The Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation at Virginia Tech. Insignificant flowers in separate male and female catkins appear in early spring as the leaves emerge. Shiny, dark green leaves (6-8\" long) with deep, spiny lobes (usually 7-9 lobes). The bark is a source of tannin. Its acorns are small, oval shaped, and topped with a fringed cap that covers half the acorn. Leaves turn brilliant scarlet in autumn, giving this tree its common name. and possibly in southern Quebec Identifying Features Bark 1: 721. Fall foliage is orange or red. A yellow dye is obtained from this tree. Quercus velutina Lam. Virginia Tech Dendrology. Black Oak tends to be found on well-drained sites such as sand or gravel. Twigs dark reddish brown, (1.5-)2.5-4.5(-5) mm diam., glabrous or sparsely pubescent. The photograph of the leaves for the hybrid Bush's Oak (Quercus marilandica × Quercus velutina, Quercus × bushii) shows what such leaves look like. The species name 'velutina' is a reference to the underside of the leaves of black oak, which are covered with fine hairs. The acorn is 3/4 inches long. Quercus velutina . Acorn. Fall color appears late, but is often a respectable brownish red. Leaves simple, alternate, ovate to oblong, 10-25 cm long and 7-13 cm wide, 7-9 bristle-tipped lobes, leathery, glossy dark green above, often glabrous below except in the axils of veins; turn red or orange-brown in fall. The black oak is a medium-sized shade tree. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. stellata) or Black Oak (Quercus velutina), the leaves will have more rounded and abundant lobes. The leaves are 4-7 inches long and 3-5 inches wide and are a lustrous dark green above and paler below. Leaves are highly variable and can resemble those of many other species, especially N. Red Oak (shade leaves) and S. Red Oak (sun leaves). var. In fall the leaves turn yellow before falling. The pioneers used the bark for yellow dye. As you go east, the Black Oak can reach massive proportions. Quercus velutina 'Oakridge Walker' grows to be a superb foliage tree. reddish brown fall color; Flowers. For leaves with very deep sinuses, the primary lobes can have three or more secondary lobes, all lobes sharply pointed. Leaf Simple, alternate on stem, length 5" to 10"; lobed halfway to midrib with seven to nine triangular, bristle-pointed lobes; crimson in spring, silvery when half grown, brown in autumn; when mature, thick dark green and shiny on upper surface and pale on lower surface; covered more or less with down; conspicuous rusty brown hairs in forks of veins. Quercus velutina (Black Oak) Beech Family (Fagaceae) Botanical Characteristics: Native habitat: Central and eastern North America in poor, dry soils. Leaves. Lobatae) group.It is widespread in eastern and central North America, found in all the coastal states from Maine to Texas, inland as far as Michigan, Ontario, Minnesota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, and eastern Texas. Lower leaf surface. The scales of the caps of Q. velutina acorns are more loosely spreading and more thoroughly pubescent than those of Q. ellipsoidalis . Tree size: This is an long-lived tree, living to 200 years, which can reach a … Growth habit: Black oak has a variable, ir-regular form and may look unruly. The yellowish-orange inner bark is bitter tasting. Fruits are acor… See under Quercus ellipsoidalis, Q. Leaves do not persist through winter. The glossy leaves, often but not always lobed more than halfway to the midrib, will also help to distinguish black oak from red oak. 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